Off the back of Easter and the recent over-indulgence that I’m sure most of us put our bodies through (I certainly did) I thought it would be a good opportunity to put together this short blog on sugar.
Although sugar is a complex topic, the definition of sugar is fairly straight forward.
Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food.
Do you have a sweet tooth? I certainly do, and this is my constant battle.
Types of Sugar
Carbohydrates (sugars) come in two main forms: simple and complex.
The difference between the two is how quickly they are digested and absorbed, which is determined by their chemical structure.
Complex carbohydrates are formed from three or more sugar molecules, whereas simple carbohydrates are composed of either one sugar molecule (monosaccharides) or two (disaccharides).
Of the simple carbohydrates there are 4 types:
Fructose (also known as fruit sugar)
Sucrose (also known as table sugar)
Lactose (also known as dairy sugar)
How much sugar is ok in a day?
These are the guidelines taken from the NHS website.
Adults – Maximum 30g per day (roughly 7 sugar cubes)
Children 7-10 years – Maximum of 24g per day (roughly 6 sugar cubes)
Children 4-6 years – Maximum of 19g per day (roughly 5 sugar cubes)
Interestingly there is no guidance on children younger than 4 years old. But the general advice is to avoid all sugar sweetened food and drink.
Check out my next blog on the reasons why too much sugar is bad for our health.